In the year 2006 over 1000 liver transplantation (LTX) were performed in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. The feasible association of liver failure with pathologic affections of all other organ systems requires a thorough examination of the potential liver host and a carefully guided anaesthesia. A comprehensive monitoring of the patient and an elaborate therapeutic concept is necessary to meet the peculiar pathophysiologic conditions during LTX. This report describes the anaesthesiological relevant aspects of the LTX and provides suitable therapeutic options.
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