Annals of Internal Medicine Article Using Standardized Serum Creatinine Values in the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study Equation for Estimating Glomerular Filtration Rate

  • Levey A
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Abstract

Background: Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimates facilitate detection of chronic kidney disease but require calibration of the serum creatinine assay to the laboratory that developed the equa- tion. The 4-variable equation from the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study has been reexpressed for use with a stan- dardized assay. Objective: To describe the performance of the revised 4-variable MDRD Study equation and compare it with the performance of the 6-variable MDRD Study and Cockcroft–Gault equations. Design: Comparison of estimated and measured GFR. Setting: 15 clinical centers participating in a randomized, controlled trial. Patients: 1628 patients with chronic kidney disease participating in the MDRD Study. Measurements: Serum creatinine levels were calibrated to an assay traceable to isotope-dilution mass spectrometry. Glomerular filtra- tion rate was measured as urinary clearance of 125I-iothalamate. Results: Mean measured GFR was 39.8 mL/min per 1.73 m2 (SD, 21.2). Accuracy and precision of the revised 4-variable equation were similar to those of the original 6-variable equation and better than in the Cockcroft–Gault equation, even when the latter was corrected for bias, with 90%, 91%, 60%, and 83% of estimates within 30% of measured GFR, respectively. Differences between measured and estimated GFR were greater for all equations when the estimated GFR was 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2 or greater. Limitations: The MDRD Study included few patients with a GFR greater than 90 mL/min per 1.73 m2.Equationswerenotcom- pared in a separate study sample. Conclusions: The 4-variable MDRD Study equation provides rea- sonably accurate GFR estimates in patients with chronic kidney disease and a measured GFR of less than 90 mL/min per 1.73 m2. By using the reexpressed MDRD Study equation with the standard- ized serum creatinine assay, clinical laboratories can report more accurate GFR estimates.

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Authors

  • Andrew S. Levey

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