Antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings 1996 to 2006: patient characteristics, treatment regimens and monitoring in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America

  • Egger M
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OBJECTIVES: To describe temporal trends in baseline clinical characteristics, initial treatment regimens and monitoring of patients starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource-limited settings. METHODS: We analysed data from 17 ART programmes in 12 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, South America and Asia. Patients aged 16 years or older with documented date of start of highly active ART (HAART) were included. Data were analysed by calculating medians, interquartile ranges (IQR) and percentages by regions and time periods. Not all centres provided data for 2006 and 2005 and 2006 were therefore combined. RESULTS: A total of 36,715 patients who started ART 1996-2006 were included in the analysis. Patient numbers increased substantially in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, and the number of initial regimens declined, to four and five, respectively, in 2005-2006. In South America 20 regimes were used in 2005-2006. A combination of 3TC/D4T/NVP was used for 56% of African patients and 42% of Asian patients; AZT/3TC/EFV was used in 33% of patients in South America. The median baseline CD4 count increased in recent years, to 122 cells/microl (IQR 53-194) in 2005-2006 in Africa, 134 cells/microl (IQR 72-191) in Asia, and 197 cells/microl (IQR 61-277) in South America, but 77%, 78% and 51%, respectively, started with

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adult
  • Africa
  • Africa South of the Sahara
  • Aged
  • Anti-HIV Agents
  • Antiretroviral Therapy,Highly Active
  • Asia
  • CD4 Lymphocyte Count
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • HIV Infections
  • Humans
  • Latin America
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Public Health
  • Switzerland
  • Viral Load
  • World Health
  • World Health Organization
  • analysis
  • drug therapy
  • epidemiology
  • methods
  • therapeutic use
  • trends

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  • M Egger

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