Antitumor activities of new platinum compounds, DWA2114R, NK121 and 254-S, against human leukemia cells sensitive or resistant to cisplatin

  • Kobayashi H
  • Takemura Y
  • Miyachi H
 et al. 
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(R)-(-)-1,1-(2-amino-methylpyrrorodine)-platinum(II) (DWA2114R), cis-1,1-cyclobutanedicarboxylato(2R)-2-methyl-1,4-butanediammin eplatinum(II) (NK121; CI-973) and glycolate-o,-o'-diammine platinum(II) (254-S; NSC375101D) are new platinum compounds developed in Japan. We studied the antitumor effects of these compounds on the cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum, DDP)-resistant human leukemia cell line, K562/DDP. K562/DDP cells were 10-fold resistant to DDP, while the cells showed minimal cross-resistance to carboplatin (2.1-fold) and DWA2114R (3.3-fold), and were as sensitive to NK121 (1.6-fold) and 254-S (1.0-fold) as the parent cells. Increases in exposure time of K562 cells to DWA2114R resulted in progressive shifting of the dose-response curve to the left, or more effective cell growth inhibition of the cells. Time dependency indices (ID80 obtained from dose-response curve after 1 hr-exposure of K562 cells to drug followed by 72 hr-culture without drug/ID80 after 24 hr-exposure) of DDP, NK121 and 254-S were 10, 8 and 20, respectively. A multidrug resistant cell-line, MOLT-3/TMQ200, was as sensitive to platinum compounds as the parent MOLT-3 cells. Little or no influence of tumor cell density was observed in the growth inhibition of MOLT-3 or K562 cells induced by these new compounds even if cells were concentrated to a density of 10(8) cells/ml. These results indicate that NK121 and 254-S may overcome the drug resistance developed in the patients after treatment with DDP. The antitumor effect of DWA2114R is more dependent not only on drug-concentration but also on exposure time than that of DDP, suggesting that continuous infusion rather than bolus administration appears the favorable schedule in clinical trials.

Author-supplied keywords

  • 254-S
  • DWA2114R
  • NK121
  • cisplatin resistance
  • human leukemia cell line
  • platinum compound

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  • Hayato MiyachiTokai University School of Medicine

  • Hiroyuki Kobayashi

  • Yuzuru Takemura

  • Tetsuhei Ogawa

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