An aperiodic hexagonal tile

  • Socolar J
  • Taylor J
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Abstract

We show that a single prototile can fill space uniformly but not admit a periodic tiling. A two-dimensional, hexagonal prototile with markings that enforce local matching rules is proven to be aperiodic by two independent methods. The space-filling tiling that can be built from copies of the prototile has the structure of a union of honeycombs with lattice constants of 2na, where a sets the scale of the most dense lattice and n takes all positive integer values. There are two local isomorphism classes consistent with the matching rules and there is a nontrivial relation between these tilings and a previous construction by Penrose. Alternative forms of the prototile enforce the local matching rules by shape alone, one using a prototile that is not a connected region and the other using a three-dimensional prototile. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Aperiodic
  • Matching rules
  • Substitution
  • Tiling

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Authors

  • Joshua E.S. Socolar

  • Joan M. Taylor

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