Journal article

Apparatus for monitoring load bearing rehabilitation exercises of a transfemoral amputee fitted with an osseointegrated fixation: A proof-of-concept study

Frossard L, Gow D, Hagberg K, Cairns N, Contoyannis B, Gray S, Brånemark R, Pearcy M ...see all

Gait and Posture, vol. 31, issue 2 (2010) pp. 223-228

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Abstract

The purpose of this proof-of-concept study was to determine the relevance of direct measurements to monitor the load applied on the osseointegrated fixation of transfemoral amputees during static load bearing exercises. The objectives were (A) to introduce an apparatus using a three-dimensional load transducer, (B) to present a range of derived information relevant to clinicians, (C) to report on the outcomes of a pilot study and (D) to compare the measurements from the transducer with those from the current method using a weighing scale. One transfemoral amputee fitted with an osseointegrated implant was asked to apply 10 kg, 20 kg, 40 kg and 80 kg on the fixation, using self-monitoring with the weighing scale. The loading was directly measured with a portable kinetic system including a six-channel transducer, external interface circuitry and a laptop. As the load prescribed increased from 10 kg to 80 kg, the forces and moments applied on and around the antero-posterior axis increased by four-fold anteriorly and 14-fold medially, respectively. The forces and moments applied on and around the medio-lateral axis increased by nine-fold laterally and 16-fold from anterior to posterior, respectively. The long axis of the fixation was overloaded and underloaded in 17% and 83% of the trials, respectively, by up to ±10%. This proof-of-concept study presents an apparatus that can be used by clinicians facing the challenge of improving basic knowledge on osseointegration, for the design of equipment for load bearing exercises and for rehabilitation programs. © 2009 Elsevier B.V.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Force sensor
  • Load bearing
  • Lower limb amputation
  • Osseointegration
  • Rehabilitation

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Authors

  • Laurent Frossard

  • David Lee Gow

  • Kerstin Hagberg

  • Nicola Cairns

  • Bill Contoyannis

  • Steven Gray

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