The Application of Ecological Momentary Assessment to the Study of Night Eating

  • Justin J. Boseck, BA1* Scott G. Engel, PhD1, 2 Kelly C. Allison, PhD3 Ross D. Crosby, PhD1, 2 James E. Mitchell, MD1, 2 Martina de Zwaan M
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Abstract

Objective: Night eating syndrome (NES) was first described in 1955 by Albert Stunkard and colleagues. NES consists of either overeating at night or waking up during the night and eating. Method: In the current study we used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to describe 14 self-defined night-eaters. The participants in the current study com- pleted an EMA protocol of approximately two weeks. Results: We found that ratings of hunger appeared to be higher during night awak- enings than in the evening. Also, both affect and arousal generally decreased throughout the day and were lowest dur- ing awakening episodes. Conclusion: The current study adds interesting data in describing the experi- ence of night-eating behavior with ecologi- cal momentary assessments from self- described night-eaters. V C 2006 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Keywords: night eating
  • disordered eating
  • ecological mo- mentary assessment
  • experience sampling
  • night eating syndrome

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Authors

  • MD4v Justin J. Boseck, BA1* Scott G. Engel, PhD1, 2 Kelly C. Allison, PhD3 Ross D. Crosby, PhD1, 2 James E. Mitchell, MD1, 2 Martina de Zwaan

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