Arabidopsis gene expression changes during cyst nematode parasitism revealed by statistical analyses of microarray expression profiles

  • Puthoff D
  • Nettleton D
  • Rodermel S
 et al. 
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With the availability of microarray technology, the expression profiles of thousands of genes can be monitored simultaneously to help determine the mechanisms of these biological processes. We conducted Affymetrix GeneChip microarray analyses of the Arabidopsis-cyst nematode interaction and employed a statistical procedure to analyze the resultant data, which allowed us to identify significant gene expression changes. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR assays were used to confirm the microarray analyses. The results of the expression profiling revealed 128 genes with altered steady-state mRNA levels following infection by the sugar beet cyst nematode (Heterodera schachtii; BCN), in contrast to only 12 genes that had altered expression following infection by the soybean cyst nematode (H. glycines; SCN). The expression of these 12 genes also changed following infection by BCN, i.e. we did not identify any genes regulated exclusively by SCN. The identification of 116 genes whose expression changes during successful cyst nematode parasitism by BCN suggests a potential involvement of these genes in the infection events starting with successful syncytium induction. Further characterization of these genes will permit the formulation of testable hypotheses to explain successful cyst nematode parasitism.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Affymetrix
  • GeneChip
  • Heterodera
  • Syncytium

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  • David P. Puthoff

  • Dan Nettleton

  • Steven R. Rodermel

  • Thomas J. Baum

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