Assessment of dietary intake and nutritional status (MNA) in Polish free-living elderly people from rural environments

  • Wyka J
  • Biernat J
  • Mikolajczak J
 et al. 
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Abstract

The proportion of elderly people in the global population is rapidly increasing. Their nutritional status indicates many deficiencies that are risky to health. The aim of this paper was to assess the nutrition and nutritional status in elderly individuals above 60 years old living in their family houses in rural areas. Dietary intake and nutritional status were measured in 174 elderly women and 64 men living in the rural areas of Olesnica (near Wroclaw, SW Poland). Energy intake, consumption of nutrients, selected anthropometric and biochemical indicators, were measured in two groups: one at risk of malnutrition and one with adequate nutrition. Using the mini nutritional assessment (MNA) questionnaire, 238 persons over 60 years of age were qualified according to their nutritional status. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters were measured. The group of women at risk of malnutrition (n=30) showed a statistically significantly lower energy intake in their diet (1,127 kcal) compared to women with adequate nutrition (1,351 kcal). The entire group of examined individuals showed a too low consumption of fiber, calcium, vitamins C and D, and folates. Most of the examined women had a too high body mass index (BMI) (on average 28.8), waist circumference was 96.3 cm, and the triceps skinfold (TSF) was 25.2mm thick. Women at a risk of malnutrition had statistically significantly lower lipid parameters than those with adequate nutrition (respectively: TC 191.1 vs. 219.1m/dl, p

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Energy Intake
  • *Nutrition Assessment
  • *Nutritional Status
  • Aged
  • Diet
  • Eating
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Poland
  • Rural Population

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Authors

  • J Wyka

  • J Biernat

  • J Mikolajczak

  • E Piotrowska

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