Assessment of the psychosocial environment of university science laboratory classrooms: a cross-national study

  • Fraser B
  • Giddings G
  • McRobbie C
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A survey of 1,720 students in 71 university science laboratory classes in the United States, Canada, England, Australia, Israel, and Nigeria investigated student and teacher perceptions of dimensions of classroom environment (student cohesiveness, open-endedness, integration, rule clarity, material environment). Results and the utility of the survey instrument are discussed. (MSE)

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  • Barry J. Fraser

  • Geoffrey J. Giddings

  • Campbell J. McRobbie

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