Association between type 1 and type 2 diabetes with periodontal disease and tooth loss.

  • Kaur G
  • Holtfreter B
  • Rathmann WG
 et al. 
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Aim: The aim of this study was to determine whether both type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are associated with increased prevalence and extent of periodontal disease and tooth loss compared with non-diabetic subjects within a homogeneous adult study population.Material and Methods: T1DM, T2DM and non-diabetic subjects were recruited from the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania. Additionally, T1DM subjects were retrieved from a Diabetes Centre. The total study population comprised 145 T1DM and 2647 non-diabetic subjects aged 20-59 years, and 182 T2DM and 1314 non-diabetic subjects aged 50-81 years. Periodontal disease was assessed by attachment loss (AL) and the number of missing teeth.Results: Multivariable regression revealed an association between T1DM ( p

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  • Kaur G

  • Holtfreter B

  • Rathmann WG

  • Schwahn C

  • Wallaschofski H

  • Schipf S

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