The association of complication type with mortality and prolonged stay after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass

  • Welsby I
  • Bennett-Guerrero E
  • Atwell D
 et al. 
  • 39


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 57


    Citations of this article.


UNLABELLED: Outcome after cardiac surgery varies depending on complication type. We therefore sought to determine the association between complication type, mortality, and length of stay in a large series of patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Multivariate logistic regression was used to test for differences between complication types in mortality and prolonged length of stay (>10 days) while controlling for preoperative and intraoperative risk factors. In 2609 consecutive cardiac surgical patients requiring CPB, the mortality rate was 3.6%; 36.5% had one or more complications, and 15.7% experienced an adverse outcome (death or prolonged length of stay). Multivariate logistic regression demonstrated that complication type was significantly associated with adverse outcome (P < 0.001) independent of Parsonnet score and CPB time (c-index = 0.80). The development of noncardiac complications only (Group NC) and cardiac complications with other organ involvement (Group B) significantly increased mortality and hospital and intensive care unit length of stay (P < 0.001) when compared with cardiac complications only (Group C). The incidences of adverse outcome in Groups C, NC, and B were 15%, 43%, and 67%, respectively; the mortality rates were 3%, 7%, and 20%, respectively. All these intergroup comparisons were significantly different (adjusted P < 0.05). Complications involving organs other than the heart appear to be more deleterious than cardiac complications alone, underscoring the need for strategies to reduce noncardiac complications.

IMPLICATIONS: Complications, particularly when they involve organs other than just the heart, increase mortality and prolong the length of hospital stay after heart surgery, independent of a patient's preoperative risk factors and the duration of cardiopulmonary bypass. Strategies aimed at preventing damage to other organs during cardiac surgery need to be improved.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Ian J. Welsby

  • Elliott Bennett-Guerrero

  • Darryl Atwell

  • William D. White

  • Mark F. Newman

  • Peter K. Smith

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free