The Associations Between Organizational Social Capital, Perceived Health, and Employeesʼ Performance in Two Dutch Companies

  • van Scheppingen A
  • de Vroome E
  • ten Have K
 et al. 
  • 36

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between organizational (bonding, bridging, and linking) social capital, employees' health, and employees' performance. METHODS: Linear regression on cross-sectional data among 718 employees in two Dutch companies. RESULTS: Organizational social capital was significantly associated with perceived health (β = 0.20; P < 0.001) and with emotional exhaustion (β = -0.34; P < 0.001). Both the health indicators, in turn, were associated with absenteeism, presenteeism, and effective personal functioning in the presumed direction, that is, better health was associated with better functioning. Especially, bonding social capital was significantly associated with health (β = 0.14; P < 0.01) and with emotional exhaustion (β = -0.26; P < 0.001). Linking social capital was associated with emotional exhaustion as well (β = -0.09; P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Organizational social capital was found to be a resource for employees' health, with meaningful business implications.

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Authors

  • Arjella R. van Scheppingen

  • Ernest M. M. de Vroome

  • Kristin C. J. M. ten Have

  • Ellen H. Bos

  • Gerard I. J. M. Zwetsloot

  • Willem van Mechelen

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