Nowadays hydrogen is considered as a clean energy carrier and fuel of the future. That is why the interest in production and storage of hydrogen is still increasing. One of the promising technology is using microwave plasma for hydrogen production. In this study we propose two types of an atmospheric pressure microwave plasma source (MPS) for hydrogen production via methane conversion. The first one was a nozzleless waveguide-supplied coaxial-line-based. The second one was a nozzleless waveguide-supplied metal-cylinder-based. They can be operated with microwave frequency of 2.45 GHz and power up to a few kW with a high gas flow rates (up to several thousands l/h). We present experimental results concerning electrical properties of the MPS, plasma visualization, spectroscopic diagnostics and hydrogen production. The experiment was carried out with methane flow rate up to 12,000 l/h. An additional nitrogen or carbon dioxide swirl flow was used. The absorbed microwave power was up to 5000 W. Our experiments show that MPSs presented in this paper have a high potential for hydrogen production via hydrocarbon conversion. Copyright © 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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