Skip to content
Journal article

Autism, Asperger syndrome and brain mechanisms for the attribution of mental states to animated shapes

Boucher J, Cowell P, Howard M, Broks P, Farrant A, Roberts N, Mayes A, Charman T, Jones C, Pickles A, Simonoff E, Baird G, Happé F, Constantino J, Davis S, Todd R, Schindler M, Gross M, Brophy S, Metzger L, Shoushtari C, Splinter R, Reich W, de Vries M, Geurts H, Vissers M, Huizinga M, Smidts D, Kenworthy L, Yerys B, Anthony L, Wallace G, Landa R, Goldberg M, Luna B, Doll S, Hegedus S, Minshew N, Sweeney J, Mukaetova-Ladinska E, Perry E, Baron M, Povey C, Pellicano E, Prat C, Stocco A, Neuhaus E, Kleinhans N, Rosenthal M, Wallace G, Lawson R, Wills M, Dixon E, Yerys B, Kenworthy L, Smith A, Kenny L, Rudnicka A, Briscoe J, Pellicano E, Spek A, Scholte E, Van Berckelaer-Onnes I, White S, Wilson C, Happé F, Wheelwright S, Ecker C, Lombardo M, Johnston P, Daly E, Murphy C, Spain D, Lai M, Chakrabarti B, Sauter D, Consortium M, Baron-Cohen S, Murphy D, Ambery, Williams, Bramham, Castelli, ***Czermainski F, Riesgo R, Guimarães L, Salles J, Bosa C, ***Mayes S, Calhoun S, ***Oliveras-Rentas R, Kenworthy L, Roberson 3rd R, Martin A, Wallace G, *Ibrahim G, Morgan B, Vogan V, Leung R, Anagnostou E, Taylor M, Asarnow, Berger, Bolte S, Dziobek I, Poustka F, Brock J, Brunsdon V, Happe F, Davids R, Groen Y, Berg I, Tucha O, van Balkom I, Dawson M, Ecker C, Marquand A, Mourao-Miranda J, Johnston P, Daly E, Brammer M, Maltezos S, Murphy C, Robertson D, Williams S, Murphy D, Frazier T, Ratliff K, Gruber C, Zhang Y, Law P, Constantino J, Happe F, Charlton R, Ronald A, Jou R, Minshew N, Keshavan M, Hardan A, Koyama T, Tachimori H, Osada H, Takeda T, Kurita H, Lujarevic, Macintosch, Mayes, Noterdaeme M, Wriedt E, Hohne C, Nyden A, Niklasson L, Stahlberg O, Anckarsater H, Wentz E, Rastam M, Gillberg C, O'Dwyer L, Tanner C, van Dongen E, Greven C, Bralten J, Zwiers M, Franke B, Heslenfeld D, Oosterlaan J, Hoekstra P, Hartman C, Groen W, Rommelse N, Buitelaar J, Ozonoff, Sachse M, Schlitt S, Hainz D, Ciaramidaro A, Schirman S, Walter H, Poustka F, Bolte S, Freitag C, Sahyoun C, Soulieres I, Belliveau J, Mottron L, Mody M, Siegel, Van der Hallen R, Evers K, Brewaeys K, Van den Noortgate W, Wagemans J, White S, Saldana D ...see all

J Autism Dev Disord, vol. 18, issue 1 (2016) p. e0165620 Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 1

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A

    Citations

    Citations of this article.
  • N/A

    Views

    ScienceDirect users who have downloaded this article.
Sign in to save reference

Abstract

What does an individual with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) perceive first: the forest or the trees? In spite of 30 years of research and influential theories like the weak central coherence (WCC) theory and the enhanced perceptual functioning (EPF) account, the interplay of local and global visual processing in ASD remains only partly understood. Research findings vary in indicating a local processing bias or a global processing deficit, and often contradict each other. We have applied a formal meta-analytic approach and combined 56 articles that tested about 1,000 ASD participants and used a wide range of stimuli and tasks to investigate local and global visual processing in ASD. Overall, results show no enhanced local visual processing nor a deficit in global visual processing. Detailed analysis reveals a difference in the temporal pattern of the local-global balance, that is, slow global processing in individuals with ASD. Whereas task-dependent interaction effects are obtained, gender, age, and IQ of either participant groups seem to have no direct influence on performance. Based on the overview of the literature, suggestions are made for future research.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Adaptation
  • *Attention
  • *Autistic Disorder/complications/genetics/patholog
  • *Behavior
  • *Biomedical Research
  • *Cognition
  • *Communication
  • *Intelligence
  • *Intelligence Tests/statistics & numerical data
  • *Interpersonal Relations
  • *Language
  • *Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • *Neuropsychological Tests
  • *Pattern Recognition
  • *Social Behavior
  • *Social Perception
  • *Socialization
  • *Space Perception
  • *Surveys and Questionnaires
  • *Visual Perception
  • *Wechsler Scales
  • ADHD
  • ADI-R
  • ASD
  • Achievement
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age-related
  • Aged
  • Aging
  • Aging/pathology/physiology/*psychology
  • Antisaccade
  • Aptitude
  • Arbitrary
  • Asd
  • Asperger Syndrome/*pathology
  • Asperger Syndrome/*psychology
  • Asperger Syndrome/classification/*diagnosis/psycho
  • Asperger Syndrome/complications/diagnosis/*psychol
  • Asperger syndrome
  • Asperger's
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/comp
  • Attention/*physiology
  • Autism
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder/*physiopathology/*psychol
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Autistic Disorder/*diagnosis/*epidemiology
  • Autistic Disorder/*diagnosis/*physiopathology
  • Autistic Disorder/*psychology
  • Autistic Disorder/classification/*diagnosis/psycho
  • Autistic Disorder/complications/diagnosis/*psychol
  • Autistic Disorder/diagnosis/*pathology
  • Autistic Disorder/diagnosis/*psychology
  • Autistic Disorder/physiopathology/psychology
  • BRIEF
  • Basal ganglia
  • Behavior
  • Behavior regulation
  • Behaviour
  • Brain Mapping/methods
  • Brain/*pathology
  • Brain/*physiopathology
  • Brain/pathology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cerebral Cortex/physiopathology
  • Child
  • Child Development Disorders
  • Children
  • Cognition
  • Cognition Disorders/*diagnosis/*epidemiology
  • Cognition Disorders/physiopathology/*psychology
  • Cognition/*physiology
  • Cognitive control
  • Coherence
  • Communication
  • Comprehension
  • Compulsive Behavior/etiology
  • Computer-Assisted/methods
  • Cortical synchronization
  • Depression/etiology
  • Detailed
  • Development
  • Diagnosis
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disord
  • Differential
  • Drawing
  • Dynamic causal modeling
  • Ecological validity
  • Embedded figures
  • Emotions
  • Emotions/physiology
  • Endophenotypes
  • Executive Function
  • Executive Function/*physiology
  • Executive function
  • Executive functioning
  • Executive functions
  • Facial Expression
  • Factor Analysis
  • Family Health
  • Female
  • Flexibility
  • Frontal Lobe/*abnormalities
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics
  • Global
  • Graph theory
  • Grouping
  • High functioning autism
  • Humans
  • Image Processing
  • Implicit
  • Inhibition (Psychology)
  • Intelligence Tests
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Language
  • Language Development Disorders/classification/*dia
  • Local
  • Local information processing
  • Long-Term
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging/*methods
  • Male
  • Memory
  • Memory/physiology
  • Mentalising
  • Metacognition
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Skills Disorders/classification/*diagnosis/p
  • Nerve Net/physiopathology
  • Nervous System Malformations/complications/diagnos
  • Nervous System/pathology/physiopathology
  • Network analysis
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Neuropsychological assessment
  • Neuropsychology
  • PDD
  • Pattern Recognition
  • Pervasive/*psychology
  • Pervasive/classification/complications/*diagnosis
  • Pervasive/complications/pathology/physiopathology/
  • Pervasive/diagnosis/genetics/*physiopathology/psyc
  • Pervasive/epidemiology/psychology
  • Pervasive/physiopathology/*psychology
  • Pervasive/psychology
  • Phenotype
  • Photic Stimulation/methods
  • Preschool
  • Problem Solving
  • Processing speed
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Psychological
  • Psychometrics
  • Psychometrics/instrumentation
  • Psychomotor Performance/physiology
  • Quality of Life
  • Quality of life
  • ROC Curve
  • Reaction Time
  • Recognition (Psychology)
  • Reference Values
  • Regression Analysis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Self Report
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Short-Term
  • Social
  • Social Adjustment
  • Social Behavior
  • Social Behavior Disorders/classification/*diagnosi
  • Social responsiveness scale
  • Statistical
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Subgroup
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Temporal Lobe/physiopathology
  • Theory of Mind
  • Theory of Mind/*physiology
  • Theory of mind
  • Verbal Behavior
  • Verbal Learning
  • Visual
  • Visual Perception/*physiology
  • Visual/*physiology
  • Visual/physiology
  • Wechsler Scales
  • Wechsler Scales/statistics & numerical data
  • Working memory
  • Young Adult
  • adults
  • ageing
  • autism
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • autism spectrum disorders
  • autistic subtypes
  • autistic symptomatology
  • central coherence
  • cognition
  • cognitive profiles
  • cognitive theories
  • comorbid psychopathology
  • development
  • executive function
  • executive functioning
  • fMRI
  • factor structure
  • fractionable triad
  • inhibition
  • longitudinal
  • older
  • pervasive developmental disorder
  • prefrontal cortex
  • psychometrics
  • spatial working memory
  • support vector machine classification
  • theory of mind

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Authors

  • Jill Boucher

  • Patricia Cowell

  • Matthew Howard

  • Paul Broks

  • Annette Farrant

  • Neil Roberts

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below