Bariatric surgery versus lifestyle interventions for morbid obesity - Changes in body weight, risk factors and comorbidities at 1 year

  • Martins C
  • Strømmen M
  • Stavne O
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Background: Few studies have looked at non-surgical alternatives for morbid obese patients. This study aims to compare 1-year weight loss and changes in risk factors and comorbidities after bariatric surgery and three conservative treatments. Methods: Patients with morbid obesity (BMI>40 or BMI>35 kg/m2 plus comorbidities) on waiting list for bariatric surgery, were non-randomly allocated to (A) bariatric surgery or to one of three conservative treatments; (B) residential intermittent program; (C) commercial weight loss camp and (D) hospital outpatient program. Body weight, risk factors and comorbidities were assessed at baseline and 1 year. Results: Of 206 participants, 179 completed the study. All treatments resulted in significant weight loss, but bariatric surgery (40±14 kg, 31±9%) led to the largest weight loss (P

Author-supplied keywords

  • Roux Y anastomosis
  • adult
  • article
  • bariatric surgery
  • body mass
  • caloric restriction
  • cholesterol
  • cholesterol blood level
  • cognitive therapy
  • comorbidity
  • conservative treatment
  • controlled clinical trial
  • controlled study
  • female
  • gastric bypass surgery
  • glucose
  • glucose blood level
  • group therapy
  • high density lipoprotein cholesterol
  • human
  • hypertension
  • lifestyle modification
  • low density lipoprotein cholesterol
  • major clinical study
  • male
  • morbid obesity
  • outcome assessment
  • outpatient care
  • physical activity
  • physiotherapy
  • priority journal
  • residential intermittent program
  • risk factor
  • triacylglycerol
  • triacylglycerol blood level
  • weight change
  • weight reduction

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  • C Martins

  • M Strømmen

  • O A Stavne

  • R Nossum

  • R Mårvik

  • B Kulseng

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