Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) is a fast-growing emergent technology in which researchers aim to build a direct channel between the human brain and the computer. It is a collaboration in which a brain accepts and controls a mechanical device as a natural part of its representation of the body. The BCI can lead to many applications especially for disabled persons. Most of these applications are related to disable persons in which they can help them in living as normal people. Wheelchair control is one of the famous applications in this field. In addition, the BCI research aims to emulate the human brain. This would be beneficial in many fields including the Artificial Intelligence and Computational Intelligence. Throughout this chapter, an introduction to the main concepts behind the BCI is given, the concepts of the brain anatomy is explained, and the BCI different signals are stated. In addition, the used hardware and software for the BCI are elaborated.
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