Many innovative and diverse processes have been developed over the years to tackle the problem of battery recycling. With any competitive market, the processes that prove sustainable in the end are those that are able to adapt to changes in battery composition and remain economically viable while providing a real benefit for the environment. However, recycling is one of the main pillars of sustainability and batteries are one of the products to be recycled. This chapter claims that Europe is undoubtedly at the leading edge of used battery management. The European Union is working on the expansion of battery collection and recycling and planning to propose new legislation in an attempt to harmonize efforts across Europe. Even with the right legislation in place, the success of waste collection is granted only if the waste generator himself/herself is a responsible person. Moreover, it is the responsibility of everyone collecting/recycling waste to look for the best available technology that can cope with the real financial and environmental cost of a process. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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