Journal article

Behavior of the Superstition Hills fault during the past 330 years

Hudnut K, Sieh K ...see all

Bulletin - Seismological Society of America, vol. 79, issue 2 (1989) pp. 304-329

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Abstract

We have investigated the recent prehistoric behavior of the Superstition Hills fault by examining its effect on the beach deposits of ancient Lake Cahuilla. Excavation of these sediments in three dimensions where they are cut by the fault has enabled determination of total offset since the latest highstand of the lake, ~330yr ago. As of 3 March 1988, total dextral offset was 1106 ± 50mm. About 609mm of this amount can be attributed to one or more slip events before 1987. The remaining slip occurred during the moderate earthquake of 24 November 1987 and as subsequent aftercreep. Additional aftercreep here might produce a total of 1210 ± 100mm for that event. Thus, if afterslip continues according to our prediction, slip associated with the penultimate seismic slip event on the Superstition Hills fault was only about half of the co-seismic slip and predicted afterslip associated with the 1987 earthquake. The pre-1987 slip event documented in our excavations could have occurred at any time between AD 1660 and ~AD 1915. -from Authors

Author-supplied keywords

  • Superstition Hills earthquake November 1987
  • USA, California, Superstition Hills
  • beach deposit
  • earthquake reccurence
  • fault slip

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  • PUI: 19316923
  • ISBN: 0037-1106
  • SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-0024483754
  • SGR: 0024483754

Authors

  • K W Hudnut

  • K E Sieh

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