Benefits of donor solvents as additive on ROMP of norbornene catalyzed by amine Ru complexes

  • Matos J
  • Lima-Neto B
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With the aim of understanding the influence of donor solvents on the reactivity of the amine complexes [RuCl2(PPh3)2(piperidine)] (1) and [RuCl2(PPh3)2(imidazole)2] (2) in the presence of ethyldiazoacetate, and on the properties of the resulting polymer, a ring opening metathesis polymerization of norbornene was carried out in the presence of small amounts of common solvents such as additives (isopropanol, THF, N,N-dimethylformamide, 2,6-lutidine, isopropanethiol, acetonitrile, dimethyl sulfoxide, NEt3, NH2Me and pyridine). From observations, typical coordinating solvents like DMSO, NEt3, NH2Me and pyridine, hardly affected the yields when either complex was employed. With other additives, the major advantage was the decrease in the polydispersity indices. On using complex 1 with 2,6-lutidine, observed values of Mw/Mnwere as low as 1.3, while the yield decreased from 99% to about 20-30% at RT for ∼1 min in pure solution. In the case of complex 2, which is almost inactive to ROMP (19% at 50 °C for 5 min with Mw/Mn= 6.30), the yield was three-fold (60% at 50 °C for 5 min with Mw/Mn= 1.95) compared to that of without THF. Further, the Mw/Mnwas observed to decrease to 1.34 with 200 eq. of THF. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Amine-phosphine complexes
  • Ancillary ligands
  • Donor solvents
  • Polynorbornene
  • ROMP
  • Ruthenium

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