This paper seeks to highlight the inescapable nature of the dilemmas that confront any attempt to reconcile the desire for political cohesion with respect for ethno-cultural diversity within any actually existing nation state. Methods of accommodating such diversity while maintaining the state's territorial integrity range from granting minorities regional autonomy to selectively incorporating aspects and symbols of their heritage and identity into a shared, trans-ethnic national tableau. Each of these approaches carries certain risks: the former may arouse fears of ‘Balkanization’, while the latter can be associated with assimilationist pressures that may be perceived as reducing substantive cultural differences to banal variations on a hegemonic national–cultural theme. In practice, any successful policy must rest on a flexible conception of state sovereignty and will likely rely on experimentation with a variety of options from along the Balkanization–banalization spectrum.
Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research
Choose a citation style from the tabs below