Bibliometric analysis of homeopathy research during the period of 1991 to 2003

  • Chiu W
  • Ho Y
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Abstract

Homeopathy has been applied to clinical use since it was first presented
200 years ago. The use of the bibilometric analysis technique for
examining this topic does not exist in the literature. The objective of
this study is to conduct a bibliometric analysis of all
homeopathy-related publications in Science Citation Index (SCI). A
systematic search was performed using the SCI for publications during
the period of 1991 to 2003. Selected documents included `Homoeopathy,
Homoeopathic, Homeopathy, or Homeopathic' as a part of the title,
abstract, or keywords. Analyzed parameters included authorship, patterns
of international collaboration, journal, language, document type,
research address, number of times cited, and reprint author's address.
Citation analysis was mainly based on the impact factor as defined by
the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) and on citations per publications
(CPP), which is used to assess the impact relative to the entire field
and is defined as the ratio between the average numbers of citations per
publications in a certain period. Of total articles, 49% had a single
author. The UK, the US, and Germany produced 71% of the total output,
while European countries as a whole also contributed 65% of the total
share of independent publications. English remains the dominant
language, it comprised only 76%, while German contributed 18%, and the
remaining where distributed among 8 European languages. More document
types and languages, and fewer pages have appeared in homeopathy
research. 3.5% of papers were cited more than 10 times in three years
after publication, and 60% were never cited. Small-group collaboration
was a popular method as co-authorship. The top 3 ranking countries of
publication were the UK, the US, and Germany. The US dominated citation
followed by the UK, and then Germany. In addition, a simulation model
was applied to describe the relationship between the cumulative number
of citations and the paper life.

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