Bifactor Models of Personality and College Student Performance: A Broad Versus Narrow View

  • Mcabee S
  • Oswald F
  • Connelly B
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Abstract

Research in the area of personality traits and academic performance has been supported by consistent meta‐analytic evidence demonstrating positive relationships between Conscientiousness and grade point average (GPA). However, academic performance is not solely a function of GPA but also a number of other important intellectual, interpersonal and intrapersonal behaviours. This wider criterion space opens up the possibility for many personality factors and their underlying facets to relate to academic performance. Using bifactor latent variable modelling, the current study investigates the six‐factor HEXACO model of personality, along with their 24 underlying facets, for predicting students' academic performance. Model results reveal interpretable and meaningful relationships between both broad factors and narrow personality facets in predicting college student outcomes. Implications for measurement, modelling and prediction are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). (journal abstract)

Author-supplied keywords

  • Academic performance
  • Bifactor model
  • HEXACO model
  • Personality assessment
  • Post-secondary education

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