Biliary anastomotic complications in 400 living related liver transplantations

  • Egawa H
  • Inomata Y
  • Uemoto S
 et al. 
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cause and outcome of biliary anastomotic complications occurring after living related liver transplantation (LRLT). A database of 391 patients undergoing 400 LRLT from June 1990 to August 1998 was reviewed. The overall incidence of biliary anastomotic complications was 18.2% (71 patients). There were 45 bile leaks, 35 anastomotic strictures, and the bile duct was ligated inadvertently in 3 cases. Univariative analysis revealed that the manner of stent usage, intrapulmonary shunting, and gender of recipients were significant risk factors for leakage. Anastomotic leaks, cytomegalovirus infection, hepatic artery complications, and gender of recipients were significant risk factors for stricture. In pediatric patients older than 2 years old, ABO blood type compatibility was another risk factor for leakage and stricture. Choice of stent usage and earlier transplantation for patients with intrapulmonary shunting should reduce the rate of biliary leaks, and prophylaxis of leaks for patients with intrapulmonary shunting, and minimizing hepatic artery complications should reduce the rate of biliary stricture after LRLT. Avoidance of ABO-incompatible donors or innovative immunosuppression in ABO-incompatible transplantation should be considered in children.;

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