Archaeological discoveries in the podillya region of ukraine produced a wealth of pre-historic artifacts, including human remains. When human remains are not accompanied by material culture artifacts their placement in a historical context is difficult, without a comprehensive analysis using a variety of archeometric and bioarchaeological tools. at one archaeological site, connected to the eneolithic trypillia-cucuteni culture complex, two osteological specimens with no material culture context were discovered. radiocarbon analysis of these remains placed them within the timeframe of a local Bronze Age group. Ancient mitochondrial DNA analysis identified a maternal genetic lineage connection to north-central europe. physical anthropology analysis of one of the two specimens revealed evidence of postmortem manipulation. the discovery of Bronze age remains in an eneolithic ritual context raises questions about burial practices of regional Bronze-age inhabitants.
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