Biodegradable blend membranes based on polylactide and chitosan with various compositions were prepared via a two-step processing pathway. In the first step, solutions of each component were properly mixed and cast into a gelatinous membrane, and in the second step, the obtained membrane was immersed into a mixed solution for the solvent extraction followed by a drying procedure to finally generate a well-blended membrane. An acetic acid-acetone solvent system was selected for poly(DL-lactide)/chitosan membranes, and another solvent system for poly(L-lactide)/chitosan membranes consisted of acetic acid and dimethyl sulfoxide. Some processing parameters, such as the concentration of component solutions and the composition ratio of mixed solvents and extraction solvents, were optimized by primarily considering whether the directly visible phase separation occurred during the processing procedures. Morphologies of these blend membranes were viewed using SEM. It was found that the processing parameters exerted quite notable impacts on the morphology of the membranes. The hydrophilicity of membranes was examined by measuring their water contact angle and swelling index. These blend membranes were also investigated for their miscibility using IR spectra, X-ray diffractograms, TG, DSC, and dynamic mechanical analysis methods. Although the presence of phase separation at a microscopic level was detected for these membranes, pronounced interactions between components were confirmed. The obtained results shown that some membranes prepared under optimized processing conditions had a partially miscible structure.
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