Biomechanical characterization of cartilages by a novel approach of blunt impact testing

  • Varga F
  • Držík M
  • Handl M
 et al. 
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Abstract

The present article introduces a novel method of characterizing the macromechanical cartilage properties based on dynamic testing. The proposed approach of instrumented impact testing shows the possibility of more detailed investigation of the acting dynamic forces and corresponding deformations within the wide range of strain rates and loads, including the unloading part of stress-strain curves and hysteresis loops. The presented results of the unconfined compression testing of both the native joint cartilage tissues and potential substitute materials outlined the opportunity to measure the dissipation energy and thus to identify the initial mechanical deterioration symptoms and to introduce a better definition of material damage. Based on the analysis of measured specimen deformation, the intact and pathologically changed cartilage tissue can be distinguished and the differences revealed.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Cartilage biomechanics
  • Impact energy dissipation
  • Impact testing
  • Poroelastic material
  • Tissue engineering

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  • SGR: 38549097762
  • PMID: 17552893
  • SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-38549097762
  • PUI: 351159136
  • ISBN: 0862-8408
  • ISSN: 08628408

Authors

  • F. Varga

  • M. Držík

  • M. Handl

  • J. Chlpík

  • P. Kos

  • E. Filová

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