Bivalve Aquaculture and Exotic Species : a Review of Ecological Considerations and Management Issues Bivalve Aquaculture and Exotic Species : a Review of Ecological Considerations and Management Issues

  • Mckindsey C
  • Landry T
  • Beirn F
 et al. 
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Abstract

Abstract Bivalves have been grown and transported for culture for hundreds of years and the introduction of some species outside of their native range for aquaculture has been suggested to be one of the greatest modes of introduction of exotic marine species. However, there has yet to be a thorough assessment of the importance of aquaculture and bivalve culture in particular, to the introduction and spread of exotic species. This paper reviews some of the environmental and ecological implications of the relationship between bivalve aquaculture and the introduction and spread of exotic species, management implications and mitigation strategies. Two broad classes of introductions of exotic species may result from activities associated with bivalve aquaculture. First, the intentional introduction of exotic species into an area for aquaculture purposes, i.e. the “target” species. These are typically foundation or engineering species and may have a considerable influence on receiving ecosystems. Second, the in...

Author-supplied keywords

  • bivalve aquaculture
  • exotic species
  • introductions and transfers
  • mitigation
  • risk assessment

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Authors

  • Christopher W Mckindsey

  • Thomas Landry

  • Francis X O Beirn

  • I A N M Davies

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