Purpose: Studies show that basic fibroblast growth factor can promote bladder regeneration. However, the lack of targeting delivery approaches limits its clinical application. We investigated a collagen based targeting system for bladder regeneration. A collagen binding domain was added to the native basic fibroblast growth factor N-terminal to allow it to bind to collagen. Materials and Methods: Sprague-Dawley®™ rats underwent partial cystectomy. Collagen scaffolds loaded with collagen binding domain basic fibroblast growth factor, native basic fibroblast growth factor or phosphate buffered saline were grafted to the remaining host bladders, respectively. At days 30 and 90 reconstructed bladders were evaluated by histological analysis and urodynamics. Results: This targeting basic fibroblast growth factor delivery system induced satisfying bladder histological structures. It promoted more vascularization and smooth muscle cell ingrowth. Urodynamics revealed well accommodated bladder tissue with volume capacity and compliance. Conclusions: Results show that the targeting delivery system consisting of collagen binding domain basic fibroblast growth factor and collagen membranes induced better bladder regeneration at the injury site. Thus, this targeting delivery system may be an effective strategy for bladder regeneration with potential clinical applications. © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.
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