Blurry Words and Fuzzy Deeds: The Attribution of Obscure Behavior

  • Gilbert D
  • McNulty S
  • Giuliano T
 et al. 
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同定の困難な行動は、普通は自動的な同定の過程に処理資源を必要とする。そのために修正に用いる処理資源が不足し、より強い対応バイアスにつながる。 負荷は、行動の同定の困難さ When people attempt to infer the existence of traits from another's behavior, they categorize the behavior, characterize the actor in trait terms, and then correct that inference with information about situational constraints. The 1st 2 stages require fewer attentional resources than does the 3rd. However, when behavior is obscure (i.e., difficult to categorize because its features are not easily apprehended), the 1st stage should consume resources on which the 3rd stage depends, and undercorrected inferences should result. In 2 experiments, behavior was made obscure by distorting its visual or acoustical parameters. Although the obscure behaviors could logically have been attributed to the constraining situations in which they occurred, Ss who observed such behaviors were especially unlikely to correct their trait characterizations of the actors.

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