Body mass index in urban Canada: Neighborhood and metropolitan area effects

  • Ross N
  • Tremblay S
  • Khan S
 et al. 
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Objectives. We investigated the influence of neighborhood and metropolitan area characteristics on body mass index (BMI) in urban Canada in 2001., Methods. We conducted a multilevel analysis with data collected from a cross-sectional survey of men and women nested in neighborhoods and metropolitan areas in urban Canada during 2001., Results. After we controlled for individual sociodemographic characteristics and behaviors, the average BMIs of residents of neighborhoods in which a large proportion of individuals had less than a high school education were higher than those BMIs of residents in neighborhoods with small proportions of such individuals (P< .01). Living in a neighborhood with a high proportion of recent immigrants was associated with lower BMI for men (P

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  • Nancy A. Ross

  • Stephane Tremblay

  • Saeeda Khan

  • Mark Tremblay

  • Jean Marie Berthelot

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