Botulinum toxin type A in the treatment of patients with cervical dystonia

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Dystonia is an involuntary movement involving twisting and turning of agonist and antagonist muscles. Cervical dystonia is isolated to neck musculature. Botulinum toxin type A is a safe and effective treatment of this disabling and often painful syndrome. Three forms of botulinum toxin type A are available worldwide to treat patients with cervical dystonia. This is a review of the studies of botulinum toxin type A to treat cervical dystonia. 2009 Brashear, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *botulinum toxin A/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]
  • *botulinum toxin A/cm [Drug Comparison]
  • *botulinum toxin A/ct [Clinical Trial]
  • *botulinum toxin A/do [Drug Dose]
  • *botulinum toxin A/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • *botulinum toxin A/pr [Pharmaceutics]
  • *cervical dystonia/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • Clostridium botulinum
  • antibody production
  • backache/si [Side Effect]
  • blurred vision/si [Side Effect]
  • clinical trial
  • dose response
  • drug dose comparison
  • drug efficacy
  • drug formulation
  • drug safety
  • dysphagia/si [Side Effect]
  • fatigue/si [Side Effect]
  • human
  • injection site pain/si [Side Effect]
  • memory disorder/si [Side Effect]
  • muscle spasm/si [Side Effect]
  • muscle weakness/si [Side Effect]
  • neck pain/si [Side Effect]
  • neutralizing antibody/ec [Endogenous Compound]
  • placebo
  • review
  • rhinitis/si [Side Effect]
  • serotype
  • side effect/si [Side Effect]
  • strabismus/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • trihexyphenidyl/cm [Drug Comparison]
  • trihexyphenidyl/ct [Clinical Trial]
  • trihexyphenidyl/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • trihexyphenidyl/po [Oral Drug Administration]
  • upper respiratory tract infection/si [Side Effect]
  • voice change
  • weakness/si [Side Effect]
  • xerostomia/si [Side Effect]

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  • Brashear A.

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