Developmental dyslexics, individuals with an unexplained difficulty reading, have been shown to have deficits in phonological processing - the awareness of the sound structure of words - and, in some cases, a more fundamental deficit in rapid auditory processing. In addition, dyslexics show a disruption in white matter connectivity between posterior and frontal regions. These results give continued support for a neurobiological etiology of developmental dyslexia. However, more research will be required to determine the possible causal relationships between these neurobiological disruptions and dyslexia.
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