[A brief instrument for the assessment of childhood abuse and neglect: the childhood trauma screener (CTS)].

  • Grabe H
  • Schulz A
  • Schmidt C
 et al. 
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OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of a psychometrically sound screening questionnaire that assesses important dimensions of traumatic experiences during childhood and adolescence in a time-efficient way. Based on the German version of the "Childhood Trauma Questionnaire" (CTQ, 28 items) we developed a five-item self-report childhood trauma screener (CTS) that covers sexual, emotional and physical abuse and emotional and physical neglect. METHOD: The data set of the SHIP-LEGEND study (n = 1668) was used to extract five items of the CTQ that optimally covered the five dimensions and showed a high correlation with the total score. In two validation samples (clinical sample [n = 211] and subjects from the BiDirect study [n = 288]) the psychometric properties of the CTS were evaluated. RESULTS: The correlations between the five CTS Items and the corresponding dimensions from the CTQ were r = 0.55 to 0.87 (p < 0.0001) within the clinical sample. Furthermore, we found high correlations (r = 0.88; p < 0.0001) with the total CTQ score. The internal consistency was 0.757 (Cronbachs α). CONCLUSION: The CTS is a reliable, valid and economic screener for the retrospective assessment of adverse childhood experiences especially in large epidemiological studies.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child Abuse
  • Child Abuse: diagnosis
  • Child Abuse: psychology
  • Female
  • Gene-Environment Interaction
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Interview
  • Life Change Events
  • Male
  • Mass Screening
  • Mental Disorders
  • Mental Disorders: diagnosis
  • Mental Disorders: genetics
  • Mental Disorders: psychology
  • Middle Aged
  • Post-Traumatic
  • Post-Traumatic: diagnosis
  • Post-Traumatic: genetics
  • Post-Traumatic: psychology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Psychological
  • Psychometrics
  • Psychometrics: statistics & numerical data
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sexual
  • Sexual: diagnosis
  • Sexual: psychology
  • Stress Disorders
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult

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  • Hans Jörgen Grabe

  • Andrea Schulz

  • Carsten Oliver Schmidt

  • Katja Appel

  • Martin Driessen

  • Katja Wingenfeld

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