A brief review of religious beliefs in research on mental health and ETAS theory

  • Galek K
  • Porter M
  • 17


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 2


    Citations of this article.


The present study briefly describes and critiques the kinds of variables used to measure religion in research on mental health and analyzes data from the Handbook of Religion and Health to assess what variables are most commonly used to do so. The analysis found that organizational religion and subjective religiosity were the most widely used measures in research on psychological well-being, depression, and anxiety, with 30%-52% of studies measuring organizational religion and 34%-36% measuring subjective religiosity. In contrast, only 9%-11% of studies measured religious beliefs. The paper discusses the associations between religious beliefs and mental health that have been reported and the value of measuring religious beliefs in light of ETAS Theory.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Beliefs
  • Darwinian psychiatry
  • Evolution
  • Mental health
  • Religion
  • Religious beliefs

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Kathleen Galek

  • Matthew Porter

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free