Burner syndrome: Recognition and rehabilitation

  • Nissen S
  • Laskowski E
  • Rizzo T
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Abstract

Burner syndrome (brachial plexus injury) is common in contact sports, especially on the football field, but not always benign. Our case report describes a 15-year-old football player who suffered burner symptoms that resolved quickly but led to shoulder weakness and neck pain a few days later. Detailed serial clinical examinations are imperative for proper classification of burner injuries. Cervical root lesions, shoulder injuries, and other plexus or nerve involvement must be excluded. Rehabilitation includes physical modalities and range-of-motion, stretching, and strengthening exercises for cervical, shoulder, and elbow muscles. Prevention measures include preseason strengthening exercises and protective devices.

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Authors

  • Susan J. Nissen

  • Edward R. Laskowski

  • Thomas D. Rizzo

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