To the Editor: Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that is transmitted primarily by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.(1) Starting in May 2015, an outbreak of ZIKV infection has been reported in Brazil in association with an increasing number of neonates with congenital microcephaly in ZIKV-affected regions.(1) In these areas, the prevalence of congenital microcephaly increased by a factor of 20 over the prevalence before the outbreak.(1) ZIKV RNA has been identified in the brain of a fetus with congenital microcephaly.(2) In addition, ZIKV RNA was identified in the amniotic fluid of two women whose fetuses had congenital microcephaly detected on . . .
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