The in vivo biodistribution profile of the novel sigma (??) receptor ligand (+)-[C-11]-cis-N-benzyl-normetazocine ([C-11]-(+)-NBnNM) in mouse brain was examined. This radioligand displayed high brain uptake and a distribution consistent with the density of ?? receptors. Brain radioactivity levels peaked at 15 min postinjection and were largely maintained (ca. 80% of maximal values) up to 90 min postinjection. Pretreatment with several different ?? ligands (haloperidol, (+)-pentazocine, DuP 734, ifenprodil) effectively inhibited [C-11]-(+)-NBnNM binding in a dose-dependent manner in all brain regions. [C-11]-(+)-NBnNM binding sites were shown to be saturable with unlabeled (+)-NBnNM (ED50 = 0.02 mg/kg) and enantioselectively inhibited by the optical isomers of pentazocine. A blocking dose of the dopamine D2 antagonist spiperone (1 mg/kg) did not significantly inhibit [C-11]-(+)-NBnNM binding. Pretreatment with the phencyclidine (PCP) blocker 1-[1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl] piperidine (TCP) did not significantly alter total brain tissue radioactivity. Thus, [C-11]-(+)-NBnNM binds with high specificity and selectivity to ?? receptors in vivo and offers excellent potential to study ?? receptors in living human brain via positron emission tomography. ?? 1994.
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