This paper presents an approach for real-time car parking occupancy detection that uses a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) classifier running on-board of a smart camera with limited resources. Experiments show that our technique is very effective and robust to light condition changes, presence of shadows, and partial occlusions. The detection is reliable, even when tests are performed using images captured from a viewpoint different than the viewpoint used for training. In addition, it also demonstrates its robustness when training and tests are executed on different parking lots. We have tested and compared our solution against state of the art techniques, using a reference benchmark for parking occupancy detection. We have also produced and made publicly available an additional dataset that contains images of the parking lot taken from different viewpoints and in different days with different light conditions. The dataset captures occlusion and shadows that might disturb the classification of the parking spaces status.
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