Carbohydrate diet links to higher risk of significant coronary artery disease in young indonesian patients: Cardiometabolic investigation study

  • Sugiri
  • Noventi S
  • Hisatome I
 et al. 
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Abstract

Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the leading cause of
cardiovascular death. The CAD risk factors dyslipidemia,
hypertriglyceridemia, and diabetes are related to dietary intake and
their metabolism. However, the association between carbohydrate, lipid,
and protein components of dietary intake and the significant CAD remains
elusive; and it never been reported among Asian population. The purpose
of this study was to identify the risk factor profile of significant CAD
of young Indonesian patients and to compare those components of dietary
intake in those patients with and without significant CAD. Within the
framework of this Cardiometabolic Investigation study, a case/control
group was established comprising 22 patients with significant CAD (case
group) and 14 patients without or non-significant CAD (control group)
aged The multivariate analysis of the risk factors for significant CAD were
energy intake >1750 kcal/day (OR=14.4; p=0.005) and smoking habit
(OR=7.7; p=0.036). The energy intake of the patients with significant
CAD was significantly higher than that of the control (2005.25 +/- 85.91
vs. 1695.56 +/- 128.19 kcal/day; p=0.003). While the lipid and protein
component of the energy intake did not vary significantly between those
two groups, the carbohydrate intake in the significant CAD group was
significantly higher than that of the control group (1142.99 +/- 38.11
vs. 950.00 +/- 75.88 kcal/day; p=0.018). Conclusion: In addition to the
smoking habit, a high carbohydrate intake could pose a risk factor for
the significant CAD in young Indonesian patients.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Carbohydrate
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Young indonesian patients

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  • SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84860208133
  • ISSN: 0970938X
  • PUI: 364669258
  • SGR: 84860208133

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