Carbon nanotube via interconnect technologies: Size-classified catalyst nanoparticles and low-resistance ohmic contact formation

  • Awano Y
  • Sato S
  • Kondo D
 et al. 
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We propose a new approach to fabricating carbon nanotube (CNT) via interconnects for future LSIs, which uses preformed catalyst nanoparticles to grow the CNTs. A newly designed impactor provided size-classified catalyst particles. For the new approach, we employ a TiN contact layer which is more resistant to oxidation and enables us to form a lower resistance ohmic contact between CNTs and wiring layers. The resultant CNT–via resistance was 0.59 Ω for 2-µm vias, which is the smallest ever reported. We also study the CNT nucleation process using molecular dynamics and discuss how to remove amorphous carbon from the nucleation process. (© 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

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