??-caryophyllinic acid: An atmospheric tracer for ??-caryophyllene secondary organic aerosol

  • Jaoui M
  • Lewandowski M
  • Kleindienst T
 et al. 
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The chemical compositions of ambient PM(2.5) samples, collected in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA, and a sample of secondary organic aerosol, formed by irradiating a mixture of the sesquiterpene (SQT), beta-caryophyllene, and oxides of nitrogen in a smog chamber, were chemically analyzed using derivative-based GC-MS methods. The analyses showed the presence of an oxidized compound, tentatively identified as beta-caryophyllinic acid, in both the ambient PM(2.5) field samples and in the smog chamber sample. The seasonal concentrations of beta-caryophyllinic acid in the ambient PM(2.5) samples were 0.5, 0.9, 7.0, and 0.5 ng m(-3) during the winter, spring, summer and fall respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first time that an oxidation product of a sesquiterpene, a hydrocarbon with high secondary organic aerosol yields and emitted from plants and trees in significant quantities, has been detected in ambient PM(2.5) samples.

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