33 large-diameter wells embedded in 2-m thick, 63-m deep diaphragm walls were constructed to reduce both the uplift pressures and the groundwater inflow during the excavations. As the actual thickness of the pumped aquifer is unknown, the installed wells are regarded as partial penetration wells. Single-well and multi-well pumping tests were conducted in the deep gravel formation of Taipei Basin to derive the hydraulic parameters and to investigate the drawdown characteristics at both the construction and remote sites. However, the tidal effect on the drawdown of both the pumping well and nearby observation wells was found significant. Additionally, wellbore storage, skin, and leakage need to be taken into account for deriving the hydraulic parameters. Hence, a method to remove these five factors influencing the drawdown curve is developed, which takes advantage from the late-time characteristics of drawdown data and the early-time behavior of drawdown. Some currently available semi-log graphic techniques are therefore proven applicable for parameter determination. Validity of the proposed method is verified by the good agreement between the calculated and the measured drawdown of both the pumping well and observation well. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
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