The Cdc42p GTPase is involved in a G2/M morphogenetic checkpoint regulating the apical-isotropic switch and nuclear division in yeast

  • Richman T
  • Sawyer M
  • Johnson D
  • 42

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 76

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

The Cdc42p GTPase is involved in the signal transduction cascades controlling bud emergence and polarized cell growth in S. cerevisiae. Cells expressing the cdc42(V44A) effector domain mutant allele displayed morphological defects of highly elongated and multielongated budded cells indicative of a defect in the apicalisotropic switch in bud growth. In addition, these cells contained one, two, or multiple nuclei indicative of a G(2)/M delay in nuclear division and also a defect in cytokinesis and/or cell separation. Actin and chitin were delocalized, and septin ring structure was aberrant and partially delocalized to the tips of elongated Cdc42(V44A) cells; however, Cdc42(V44A)p localization was normal. Two-hybrid protein analyses showed that the V44A mutation interfered with Cdc42p's interactions with Cla4p, a p21(Cdc42/Rac)-activated kinase (PAK)-like kinase, and the novel effecters Gic1p and Gic2p, but not with the Ste20p or Skm1p PAK-like kinases, the Bni1p formin, or the Iqg1p IQGAP homolog. Furthermore, the CdC42V44A morphological defects were suppressed by deletion of the Swe1p cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitory kinase and by overexpression of Cla ip, Ste20p, the Cdc12 septin protein, or the guanine nucleotide exchange factor Cdc24p, In sum, these results suggest that proper Cdc42p function is essential for timely progression through the apical-isotropic switch and G(2)/M transition and that Cdc42(V44A)p differentially interacts with a number of effecters and regulators.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text

Authors

  • Tamara J. Richman

  • Mathew M. Sawyer

  • Douglas I. Johnson

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free