Central international visibility of Brazilian psychiatric publications from 1981 to 1995

  • Leta J
  • Jacques R
  • Figueira I
 et al. 
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In this study, we examine the scientific output of Brazilian psychiatry,
based on the database of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI).
publications in the 10 most important psychiatric journals, and
publications in major Brazilian journals, The number of Brazilian
publications (i.e., those carrying at least one Brazilian address) in
psychiatry in the ISI database increased by 168% during the If-year
period under study (1981-1995). Despite this growth, the relative
contribution of publications in psychiatry to the country's publications
in medical sciences did not change over the 15-year period. This
fraction, around 2%, remained at less than one-third of the average
contribution of psychiatry journals to publications in medicine
worldwide. The impact inferred from number of citations (1981-1992)
shows that Brazilian articles in psychiatry were cited less than the
world average in this field. In the 10 psychiatry journals with the
highest impact. Brazilian authors published only 48 articles in the
1981-1995 period, representing only 0.2% of the articles in those
journals. Like their American and British counterparts. Brazilian
psychiatrists also published primarily in domestic journals: 87.1% of
the publications by Brazilians appeared in the two major Brazilian
psychiatric journals, compared with only 12.9% in foreign journals.
Among publications in psychiatry in the ISI database, the number of
articles co-authored by Brazilians with scientists from other countries
increased 12.3 fold from 1981-1985 to 1991-1995. representing at the end
50% of all publications by Brazilian psychiatrists in international
journals. Despite all cuts in funding for Brazilian science during the
last decades, all of the articles in our sample originated in public
universities, and only 10 universities were responsible for similar to
70% of the publications by Brazilian psychiatrists in our survey
period. We conclude that Brazilian psychiatric research is a subject
worthy of particular concern. especially if we take into account the
country's modest scientific performance and the socio-economic
consequences of mental disorders in the Brazilian population.

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