Chain packing and dynamics in polycarbonate block copolymers

  • Klug C
  • Wu J
  • Xiao C
 et al. 
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Abstract

Dynamic mechanical-loss spectra at 1 Hz, and dipolar rotational spin-echo 13C NMR spectra at 15.1 MHz, have been obtained for a series of copolymers of polycarbonate made from monodisperse oligomers of Bisphenol A polycarbonate (BX), alternating (via connecting carbonate linkages) with single units of 3,3?,5,5?-tetramethylbisphenol A (T). The mechanical-loss relaxation of BXT suggests cooperative motions in the copolymer glass at T = ?100 and ?20 °C. The NMR results indicate that no phenylene rings undergo π flips in T units and that most but not all of the B rings flip faster than 10 kHz at 300 K. A necessary but not sufficient condition to constrain a B ring from flipping in BXT is the presence of both interchain and intrachain T-unit nearest neighbors. These results are interpreted in terms of a packing model for polycarbonate-like systems that emphasizes the importance for chain dynamics of the proximity and cooperative motion of nearest-neighbor chains having similar local orientational order.
Dynamic mechanical-loss spectra at 1 Hz, and dipolar rotational spin-echo 13C NMR spectra at 15.1 MHz, have been obtained for a series of copolymers of polycarbonate made from monodisperse oligomers of Bisphenol A polycarbonate (BX), alternating (via connecting carbonate linkages) with single units of 3,3?,5,5?-tetramethylbisphenol A (T). The mechanical-loss relaxation of BXT suggests cooperative motions in the copolymer glass at T = ?100 and ?20 °C. The NMR results indicate that no phenylene rings undergo π flips in T units and that most but not all of the B rings flip faster than 10 kHz at 300 K. A necessary but not sufficient condition to constrain a B ring from flipping in BXT is the presence of both interchain and intrachain T-unit nearest neighbors. These results are interpreted in terms of a packing model for polycarbonate-like systems that emphasizes the importance for chain dynamics of the proximity and cooperative motion of nearest-neighbor chains having similar local orientational order.

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Authors

  • Albert YeeUniversity of California - Irvine

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  • Christopher A. Klug

  • Jinhuang Wu

  • Chaodong Xiao

  • Jacob Schaefer

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