We evaluated the availability of resources and specific expertise for treating comorbidity at the Italian public Services for Drug Dependence (SerTs). A stratified sample of 100 SerTs was constructed and a specific questionnaire mailed to the clinical managers. The interview aimed at: characteristics of the respondent; theoretical knowledge of comorbidity; influence of dual diagnosis on clinical practice; general, human, and organisational resources; quality evaluation. Main results: (a) 90% of managers are medical doctors but 95% claim about inadequate education of their staff. The results were also analysed by factors of stratification: regional distribution, urban/rural location, and number of clients in care. In conclusion, the problem of comorbidity should be faced more effectively, particularly by means of improved organisational resources and continuing education of staff members. © 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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