Changing Federal Government Employee Attitudes Since the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978

  • Lee H
  • Cayer N
  • Lan G
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This study examinesfederal employee attitudes since the passage ofthe Civil Ser- vice Reform Act of 1978. By reviewing seven employee surveys conducted by the US. Office ofPersonnel Management since 1979, we examine how attitudes have changed. We then analyze the degree to which organizational effectiveness, job satisfaction, and supportfor organizational change are affected by customer orientation, supervisory leadership, empowerment, teamwork, training and development, performance management, diversity, family-friendly policies, and labor relations. This study finds that (a) employee attitudes on most dimensions have been mildly positive; (b) employee attitudes somewhat reflect reform policies ofeach administration, presidential leadersh:p, and environmental change; and (c) perceptions oforganizational effectiveness, job satisfaction, and support for organizational change have been affected predominantly by customer orienta- tion, supervisory leadership, empowerment, teamwork, performance evaluation fairness, and performance rewards. Finally, the study suggests that civil service reform integrate long-lasting strategies based on improved responsiveness and competitiveness offederal employees. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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  • Haksoo Lee

  • N. Joseph Cayer

  • G. Zhiyong Lan

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