Characterization of molybdenum carbides for methane reforming by TPR, XRD, and XPS

  • Oshikawa K
  • Nagai M
  • Omi S
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Abstract

The relationship between various unsupported molybdenum carbides and their activity toward methane reforming at 973 K and 1 atm was studied. Unsupported molybdenum carbides catalyzed the formation of hydrogen in high selectivity, forming ethylene and ethane rather than benzene as the carbon-containing products. η-Mo3C2, which was nitrided at 973 K and subsequently carbided at 1173 K, was more active than both α-MoC1-x and β-Mo2C in methane decomposition, forming hydrogen in high selectivity. α-MoC1-x and γ-Mo2N were transformed to η-Mo3C2 in the bulk structure during methane reforming at 973 K. This transformation caused a significant increase in the turnover frequency of methane reforming. η-molybdenum carbide was also formed during CH4-TPR of γ-Mo2N at 788 K. The linear relationship between the amount of η-carbide determined through H2-TPR of the catalysts and the methane disappearance rate revealed that η-Mo3C2 is the active species for methane reforming. From the XPS analysis, Mo0 was the dominant molybdenum species for the η-Mo3C2 catalysts.

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Authors

  • Katsuhiko Oshikawa

  • Masatoshi Nagai

  • Shinzo Omi

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