Characterization of in vitro hemostatic peptide effects by thromboelastography

  • Peng H
  • Blostein M
  • Shek P
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Abstract

In this study, we validated a thromboelastography (TEG) method to evaluate the hemostatic effects of 3 peptides. The first peptide is an ideal amphipathic peptide composed of 22 leucine and lysine in a ratio of 2:1. At a very low concentration, the peptide had a procoagulant effect shown by decreases in reaction time (R) and coagulation time (K) but was impaired by a decrease in maximum amplitude (MA). At higher concentrations, the peptide had an anticoagulant effect. The α angle was minimally affected by the peptide. The second peptide is melittin derived from bee venom. Melittin showed procoagulant effects reflected by a decrease in clotting time but led to lower MA. The third peptide derived from fibrinogen γ chain promoted hemostasis only at an optimal concentration and became anticoagulant at a higher concentration. The hemostatic mechanisms of each peptide were discussed. Our study would facilitate further development of peptides for either hemorrhage control or thrombosis treatment.

Author-supplied keywords

  • hemorrhage control
  • peptides
  • thromboelastography

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Authors

  • Henry T. Peng

  • Mark D. Blostein

  • Pang N. Shek

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